Brora Heritage Centre
Coal was central to the war effort, powering industry, railways, and shipping. During the Second World War, there was a shortage of miners as many men went to fight. Consequently, mining was made into a reserved occupation, with men exempt from military service.
Miners were required to work in very cramped and awkward conditions and spaces. Head injuries could be common and helmets were designed to protect miners from banging their heads or from being hit by falling rock.